New discoveries of the Roman and Early Byzantine Amphoras from Eastern Black Sea Littoral
Merab Khalvashi, Nino Inaishvili
The recent archaelogical excavations of two important fortresses existing in the Eastern Black Sea littoral during the Roman and Early Byzantine periods – Gonio-Apsaros and Petra-Tsikhisdziri – revealed number of ceramic material, greatest part of which was represented by amphoras. The studies of the material show that at the end of the first century A.D. and the beginning of the second century A.D., Roman military forces based in Apsaros were mostly supplied from the eastern Mediterranean and western parts of the Roman Empire and from the middle of the second Century A.D. the production of the Southern Black Sea centers dominated. This very situation actually remained in the Early Byzantine period, that is witnessed by Gonio and Tsikhisdziri new discoveries.