Ephesos and the Black Sea. A first overview about the Roman and Late Antique Black Sea amphorae found at Ephesos.
Horacio González Cesteros
Ephesos was one of the most important commercial points in the whole Mediterranean. Placed in a strategical geographical position the city had an excellent access to the rich economic resources of the inner Anatolian territories, and, surrounded by a fertile territory, was an important production place of all kind of commodities, including marble, agricultural products and pottery.
At Ephesos arrived products from all the Mediterranean and far elongated regions, being the Black Sea not an exception. In this presentation, it is aimed to summarize the current state of the art concerning the arrival of Black Sea Amphorae at Ephesos. They seem to be attested already in the 2nd cent. CE but recent excavations suggest a clear increase, mainly of Sinopean amphorae, from the late 4th century CE. It could be suggested that from the economic changes developed since the foundation of Constantinople, Ephesos actively acted as a middle point in the routes that linked the new capital and its important supply sources in Cilicia and Egypt, benefiting from the arrival of products from the North and South of the Eastern Mediterranean.